technical-data citations

<citations>
  <patent-citations>
    <patcit load-source="docdb" ucid="WO-1994005639-A1">
      <document-id format="epo">
        <country>WO</country>
        <doc-number>1994005639</doc-number>
        <kind>A1</kind>
      </document-id>
      <sources>
        <source name="SEA" created-by-npl="N"/>
      </sources>
    </patcit>
  </patent-citations> 
  <non-patent-citations>
    <nplcit>
      <text>Cerovsky a kol. (2008) Peptides 29, 992-1003</text>
      <sources>
        <source load-source="docdb"/>
      </sources>
    </nplcit>
    <nplcit>
      <text>Krishnakumari a Nagaraj (1997) J. Peptide Res. 50, 88-93</text>
      <sources>
        <source load-source="docdb"/>
      </sources>
    </nplcit>
    <nplcit>
      <text>Kuhn-Nentwig (2003) Cell. Mol. Life Sci. 60, 2651-2668</text>
      <sources>
        <source load-source="docdb"/>
      </sources>
    </nplcit>
    <nplcit>
      <text>Otvos a kol. (2000) J. Peptide Sci. 6, 497-511</text>
      <sources>
        <source load-source="docdb"/>
      </sources>
    </nplcit>
  </non-patent-citations>
</citations>


Backward citations are provided for the following countries: AT, AU, BE, CH, CN, DK (from 1965), EP, ES, FR, GB, KR, JP, LU, NL, RU, TW, US (from 1948), and WO. Rich citation data (which includes PCT search report-type passages, categories, and claim information) is available for all searches made at the EPO. Forward citations are only available through our Citation Service.

Citations are reported with the document to which they are related.

technical-data/citations/patent-citations/patcit

AttributeDescription
dnumDocument number
dnum-typeDocument number type. Populated with "application" if the citation refers to an application. If no dnum-type is present, then the citation is referencing a publication.
ElementDescription
textMay be populated when document information has not been parsed into document-id, e.g., PCT/JP2014/052879
document-idUnique identifier of the document being cited. See below for details.
sourcesSource of the citation
cit:rel-passageRelevant passage within the cited document
cit:categoryIndicates the relevance of the citation. See Citation Source Categories for a list of categories.
cit:rel-claimsRelevant claims within the cited document
corresponding-docsPatent document-ids and NPL reference numbers embedded in NPL citations

patent-citations/patcit/document-id

Element

INID

Description

country

56

Country of the publication being cited. Country is represented by a standard 2-character code based on WIPO ST.3.

doc-number

56

Document number of the publication being cited. doc-number is generally provided in DocDB-normalized format. An exception to this is made for WO documents, where the doc-number is normalized to YYYYnnnnnn. 

Patent document numbering is a complex subject, as the examples below illustrate:


Patent Authority

Patent Number

US

3732068


RE31783

US (Plant)

5382

US (Design)

D436240

EP

0129539

WO

1985000002

JP

60000013


2006000022

DE

3244404


For a complete discussion of document numbers over time and over multiple authorities, see: Number format concordance - publication numbers at 
https://www.epo.org/searching-for-patents/helpful-resources/data/tables/regular.html.

kind

56

Kind code of the publication being cited. The kind code is used to designate the publication stage of the document, including whether it is a published application or a granted patent. See ST.16.

rel-passage56Relevant passage within the cited document

patent-citations/patcit/sources/source

Attribute

Description

name

Indicates when or by whom the citation was made. See Citation Sources for a list of sources.

created-by-nplY|N. "Y" indicates a patent citation that has been extracted from a non-patent source such as a journal or gazette.

category

Indicates the relevance of the citation. See Citation Source Categories for a list of categories.

patent-citations/patcit/cit:rel-passage/cit:passage

ElementDescription
cit:ppPage numbers within cited work
cit:ppfCited document page first
cit:pplCited document page last
cit:columnColumn numbers within cited work
cit:colfCited document column first
cit:collCited document column last
cit:paraReferenced paragraph within cited work
cit:parafCited document paragraph first
cit:paralCited document paragraph last
cit:lineReferenced line within cited work
cit:linefCited document line first
cit:linelCited document line last
cit:claimCited claim
cit:figureCited figure
cit:exampleCited example
cit:tableCited table
cit:sequenceCited sequence
cit:compoundCited compound
cit:bookmarkCited bookmark

technical-data/citations/non-patent-citations/nplcit

Element

INID

Description

Example

text

56

Unstructured: the text may be a bibliographic reference to a book, journal, thesis, etc.; a reference to a database record; or a "See also" reference to a related publication.

RADLER et al., "Structure of DNA-Cationic Liposome Complexes: DNA Intercalation in Multilamellar Membranes in Distinct Interhelical Packing Regimes", SCIENCE, 07 February 1997, Vol. 275, pages 810-814, XP002924042.

sources
Source of the citation
cit:article
Article citation within a host document
cit:book
Book citation
cit:online
Online citation
cit:othercit
Other citation
cit:source-doc
Patent number extracted from the non-patent literature citation
cit:rel-passage
Relevant passage within the cited document

column 2, lines 18-27; table I, RI-80, RI-103

cit:category
Indicates the relevance of the citation. See Citation Source Categories for a list of categories.Y
cit:rel-claims
Relevant claims within the cited document1,24-27
corresponding-docs
Patent document-ids and NPL reference numbers embedded in NPL citations

The following sub-elements may occur within the elements listed above:

ElementDescription
cit:authorAuthor
cit:atlArticle title
cit:subnameSubordinate responsibility
subname-typeType of subordinate responsibility, e.g., editor, translator, or other-subname-type
cit:serialSerial citation data
cit:newsgroupNews group
cit:sertitleSerial title
cit:alttitleAlternate title for serial
cit:issueIssue designation
cit:imprintImprint
cit:pubdatePublication date
cit:sdateStart date used in pubdate 
cit:edateEnd date used in pubdate 
cit:timeTime of publication
cit:descripPhysical description of a book or serial
cit:notesNotes about the serial
cit:pubidPublisher's unique identifier
cit:vidVolume identifier/number
cit:inoIssue number
cit:doiDigital Object Identifier
cit:issnInternational Standard Serial Number
cit:isbnInternational Standard Book Number
cit:cpyrtCopyright info
cit:absnoAbstract number
cit:locationLocation of the reference within the cited work
cit:classClass
cit:keywordKeywords
cit:artidUnique article identifier
cit:srchdateDate of search/retrieval
cit:refnoReference number
cit:book-titleTitle of the cited book
cit:conferenceConference citation
cit:conftitleConference title
cit:confnoConference number
cit:confplacePlace of conference
cit:confsponsorConference sponsor
cit:subtitleBook subtitle
cit:editionEdition statement
cit:seriesSeries statement
cit:mstMonographic series title
cit:msnMonographic series number
cit:serpartPart within a serial or book, or the book part
cit:sersectSerial section or book, or the book part
cit:chapterChapter, normally in a book
cit:ppPage numbers within cited work
cit:columnColumn numbers within cited work
cit:paraReferenced paragraph within cited work
cit:lineReferenced line within cited work
cit:booknoBook number
cit:online-titleTitle within electronic resource
cit:hosttitleTitle of the host document/database
cit:historyHistory of the article
cit:receivedDate article was received
cit:acceptedDate article was accepted
cit:revisedDate article was revised
cit:miscMiscellaneous information relating to the history of the article
cit:hostnoNumeration within host document
cit:availAvailability and access
cit:datecitDate cited
cit:srchtermSearch terms


Further Reading

For information about the SOLR search fields associated with this container, see Citations.